Many translated example sentences containing "ancient pharaohs" – German-English dictionary and search engine for German translations. The Encyclopedia of the Egyptian Pharaohs, Volume I: Predynastic to the Twentieth Dynasty ( Bc) (Encyclopedia of the Egyptian Pharoahs) | Baker. Pharaohs of Egypt tells the stories of all the known kings of ancient Egypt. It is especially designed to be useful on field trips to a museum or.
Elephant (pharaoh)Elephant is the provisional name of a Predynastic ruler in Egypt. Since the incarved rock inscriptions and ivory tags showing his name are either drawn sloppily. Übersetzung Englisch-Deutsch für Pharaohs im PONS Online-Wörterbuch nachschlagen! Gratis Vokabeltrainer, Verbtabellen, Aussprachefunktion. Fish was thought to be a ruler of the Lower Egypt or a part of Lower Egypt during the late prehistoric period. He most likely never existed and is a modern.
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The earliest known depictions of the was -scepter date to the First Dynasty. The was -scepter is shown in the hands of both kings and deities.
The flail later was closely related to the heqa -scepter the crook and flail , but in early representations the king was also depicted solely with the flail, as shown in a late pre-dynastic knife handle that is now in the Metropolitan museum, and on the Narmer Macehead.
The earliest evidence known of the Uraeus —a rearing cobra—is from the reign of Den from the first dynasty. The cobra supposedly protected the pharaoh by spitting fire at its enemies.
The red crown of Lower Egypt, the Deshret crown, dates back to pre-dynastic times and symbolised chief ruler. A red crown has been found on a pottery shard from Naqada , and later, Narmer is shown wearing the red crown on both the Narmer Macehead and the Narmer Palette.
This is the combination of the Deshret and Hedjet crowns into a double crown, called the Pschent crown.
It is first documented in the middle of the First Dynasty of Egypt. The earliest depiction may date to the reign of Djet , and is otherwise surely attested during the reign of Den.
The khat headdress consists of a kind of "kerchief" whose end is tied similarly to a ponytail. The earliest depictions of the khat headdress comes from the reign of Den , but is not found again until the reign of Djoser.
The Nemes headdress dates from the time of Djoser. It is the most common type of crown that has been depicted throughout Pharaonic Egypt.
Any other type of crown, apart from the Khat headdress, has been commonly depicted on top of the Nemes. The statue from his Serdab in Saqqara shows the king wearing the nemes headdress.
Osiris is shown to wear the Atef crown, which is an elaborate Hedjet with feathers and disks. Depictions of pharaohs wearing the Atef crown originate from the Old Kingdom.
The Hemhem crown is usually depicted on top of Nemes , Pschent , or Deshret crowns. It is an ornate triple Atef with corkscrew sheep horns and usually two uraei.
The usage depiction of this crown begins during the Early Eighteenth Dynasty of Egypt. Also called the blue crown, the Khepresh crown has been depicted in art since the New Kingdom.
It is often depicted being worn in battle, but it was also frequently worn during ceremonies. It used to be called a war crown by many, but modern historians refrain from defining it thus.
Egyptologist Bob Brier has noted that despite their widespread depiction in royal portraits, no ancient Egyptian crown has ever been discovered.
Tutankhamun 's tomb, discovered largely intact, did contain such regalia as his crook and flail , but no crown was found among the funerary equipment.
Diadems have been discovered. Brier's speculation is that crowns were religious or state items, so a dead pharaoh likely could not retain a crown as a personal possession.
The crowns may have been passed along to the successor. During the Early Dynastic Period kings had three titles. The Horus name is the oldest and dates to the late pre-dynastic period.
The son of Thutmose I and the father of the better known Thutmose III , he was only able to rule between 3 and 13 years, a period disputed by scholars.
His wife, queen Hatshepsut , attempted to replace his name on monuments with hers. Thutmose III, later, tried to restore his father's name and this resulted in conflicting information about Thutmose II's life.
His mummy, found in the royal cache at the Temple of Hatshepsut, shows signs of weakness and diseases that caused his death. Hatshepsut was a pharaoh from the 18th Dynasty, during the New Kingdom, and a woman.
Hatshepsut began her rule as his regent but she became the pharaoh. She claimed to be the child of Amun and transformed herself into a king by wearing the symbols of kingship.
Hatshepsut emphasized her right to rule through her bloodline. She ruled for almost twenty years and built all over Egypt.
She also sent trade missions to Punt that brought back various exotic goods. He conducted military campaigns in the Levant and conquered most of Palestine.
He built many monuments and collected a vast amount of booty from his military campaigns. Amenhotep II ruled for almost thirty years and his depictions show him as an athletic man.
He built various temples including one to worship Horemakhet, a god associated with the Great Sphinx. Later records said that harvests during his time were rich and he became a fertility god.
Click here to discover more about Amenhotep III. Many scholars believe that his reign did not overlap with that of his father because he might have had an older brother.
He ruled for less than twenty years but his reign had a great impact. Akhenaten, also spelled Echnaton, came to the throne at a time when the priests of Amun were wealthy and powerful.
He built a temple to Aten at Karnak during the first few years of his reign. In the fifth year of his reign, Akhenaten built a new capital at Amarna called Akhetaten.
He changed his name and declared Aten the only god in Egypt. The military supported this move at the beginning of his reign but many people still worshiped the old gods in private.
His wife was an important part of his religious rituals and depictions of her making sacrifices exist at Amarna. Neferneferuaten was a female pharaoh from the 18th Dynasty of the New Kingdom.
Scholars believe that she ruled as a co-regent with Akhenaten and some believe she might have ruled in her own right after his death.
Scholars differ about her identity though they agree on two candidates. Some scholars believe she was Meritaten, the oldest daughter of Akhenaten and Nefertiti.
The people of Egypt considered the pharaoh to be a half-man, half-god. He was the first king of the First Dynasty, the beginning of the Old Kingdom.
Egypt was once divided into two kingdoms. The kingdom in Lower Egypt was called the red crown and the one in Upper Egypt was known as the white crown.
Around B. The pharaoh's name was King Narmer Menes. He founded the first capital of Egypt where the two lands met. It was called Memphis.
Built a pyramid at Saqqara inscribed with the last known instance of the Pyramid Texts. Attested by one to three decrees from the temple of Min at Coptos.
Attested by eight decrees from the temple of Min and an inscription in the tomb of Shemay. Possibly to be identified with horus Demedjibtawy, in which case he is attested by a decree from the temple of Min.
Manetho states that Achthoes founded this dynasty. Neferkare VII. Intef the Elder Iry-pat. Conquered Asyut and possibly moved further North up to the 17th nome.
Nebhepetre Mentuhotep II . Gained all Egypt c. Sankhkare Mentuhotep III . Commanded the first expedition to Punt of the Middle Kingdom. Nebtawyre Mentuhotep IV .
Obscure pharaoh absent from later king lists; tomb unknown. May have been overthrown by his vizier and successor Amenemhat I.
Segerseni . Qakare Ini . Iyibkhentre . Sehetepibre Amenemhat I  . Possibly overthrew Mentuhotep IV. Assassinated by his own guards.
Kheperkare Senusret I  Sesostris I. Nubkaure Amenemhat II . Nimaatre Amenemhat III . Maakherure Amenemhat IV .
Had a co-regency lasting at least 1 year based on an inscription at Knossos. Sobekkare Sobekneferu .
Sekhemre Khutawy Sobekhotep I. Founded the 13th Dynasty. His reign is well attested. Attested on a Nile record from Semna.
Ruled for 3 to 4 years . Buried in his pyramid in south Dashur. Very short reign, possibly c. Attested on the Turin Canon. Attested on the Turin Canon .
Attested on the Turin Canon . Reigned c. Famous for his intact tomb treasure and Ka statue. Reigned 1 year and 6 months, — BC .
Sekhemrekhutawy Khabaw. Estimated reign 3 years, — BC . Possibly a son of Hor Awibre and brother of Khabaw, previously identified with Khendjer.
Estimated reign 2 years, — BC . Possibly two kings, Seb and his son Kay. Possibly the first semitic pharaoh, built a pyramid at Saqqara.
Reigned less than 10 years, starting BC  or BC. Khahotepre Sobekhotep VI. Names lost in a lacuna of the Turin canon . Some time between BC and BC .
Around BC . Unknown— BC . Possibly a king of the 16th dynasty. After BC. Chronological position uncertain, here given as per Ryholt .
Qareh Khawoserre . Sheshi . Chronological position, duration of reign and extend of rule uncertain, here given as per Ryholt.
Short reign, perhaps a son of Sheshi . Possibly identifiable with Wazad or Sheneh . Nebsenre . Sekheperenre . Anati Djedkare .
Bebnum . Nuya . Wazad . Sheneh . Shenshek . Khamure . Yakareb . Yaqub-Har . May belong to the 14th dynasty , the 15th dynasty or be a vassal of the Hyksos.
Possibly the Pharaoh that was mentioned in Genesis May belong to the late 16th Dynasty . May belong to the late 13th Dynasty.
Tomb discovered in Perhaps identifiable with a Woser[ Name of the first king is lost here in the Turin King List and cannot be recovered.
Seankhenre Mentuhotepi. May be a king of the 17th Dynasty . Nebiryraw II. May be a king of the 13th Dynasty . His tomb was robbed and burned during the reign of Ramesses IX.
Sekhemre-Wepmaat Intef V. Brother and successor to Kamose , conquered north of Egypt from the Hyksos. Father unknown, though possibly Amenhotep I. His mother is known to be Senseneb.
Expanded Egypt's territorial extent during his reign. Son of Thutmose I. Grandson of Amenhotep I through his mother, Mutnofret. The second known female ruler of Egypt.
May have ruled jointly with her nephew Thutmose III during the early part of her reign. Built many temples and monuments. Ruled during the height of Egypt's power.
Son of Thutmose II. May have ruled jointly with Hatshepsut , his aunt and step-mother, during the early part of her reign.
Famous for his territorial expansion into the Levant and Nubia. Under his reign, the Ancient Egyptian Empire was at its greatest extent.
Ruled during the height of Egypt's Power. Before the end of his reign, he obliterated Hatshepsut's name and image from temples and monuments.
Son of Thutmose III. Famous for his Dream Stele. Son of Amenhotep II. Father of Akhenaten and grandfather of Tutankhamun. Ruled Egypt at the height of its power.
Built many temples and monuments, including his enormous Mortuary Temple. Was the son of Thutmose IV. Founder of the Amarna Period in which he changed the state religion from the polytheistic Ancient Egyptian religion to the Monotheistic Atenism , centered around the worship of the Aten , an image of the sun disc.
He moved the capital to Akhetaten. Was the second son of Amenhotep III. He changed his name from Amenhotep Amun is pleased to Akhenaten Effective for the Aten to reflect his religion change.
Ruled jointly with Akhenaten during the later years of his reign. Unknown if Smenkhare ever ruled in his own right.
Identity and even the gender of Smenkhare is uncertain. Some suggest he may have been the son of Akhenaten, possibly the same person as Tutankhamun ; others speculate Smenkhare may have been Nefertiti or Meritaten.
May have been succeeded by or identical with a female Pharaoh named Neferneferuaten. A female Pharaoh, possibly the same ruler as Smenkhkare.
Archaeological evidence relates to a woman who reigned as pharaoh toward the end of the Amarna Period.
It is likely she was Nefertiti. Commonly believed to be the son of Akhenaten , most likely reinstated the polytheistic Ancient Egyptian religion.
His name change from Tutankhaten to Tutankhamun reflects the change in religion from the monolatristic Atenism to the classic religion, of which Amun is a major deity.
He is thought to have taken the throne at around age eight or nine and to have died around age eighteen or nineteen, giving him the nickname "The Boy King.
However, he became famous for being buried in a decorative tomb intended for someone else called KV Was Grand Vizier to Tutankhamun and an important official during the reigns of Akhenaten and Smenkhkare.
Believed to have been born into nobility, but not royalty. Succeeded Tutankhamun due to his lack of an heir. Born a Commoner.
Was a General during the Amarna Period. Obliterated Images of the Amarna Pharaohs and destroyed and vandalized buildings and monuments associated with them.
Succeeded Ay despite Nakhtmin being the intended heir. Menpehtire Ramesses I . Of non-royal birth.Founder of the Amarna Period in which he changed the state religion from the polytheistic Ancient Egyptian Hitcric to the Monotheistic Atenismcentered around the worship of the Aten Markets.Com, an image of the sun disc. If no button appears, you cannot Poker Aachen or save the media. The Www Ergeb depictions of the khat headdress comes from the reign of Denbut is not found again until the reign of Djoser. Only known from the Palermo stone . Pharao war ein seit dem Neuen Reich verwendeter Titel für den König von Ober- und Unterägypten. Der Begriff geht auf das ägyptische Wort Per aa zurück, das ursprünglich weder ein Herrschertitel noch ein Eigenname war, sondern die Bezeichnung für. Ethnic Identities in the Land of the Pharaohs deals with ancient Egyptian concept of collective identity, various groups which inhabited the. Elephant is the provisional name of a Predynastic ruler in Egypt. Since the incarved rock inscriptions and ivory tags showing his name are either drawn sloppily. Fish was thought to be a ruler of the Lower Egypt or a part of Lower Egypt during the late prehistoric period. He most likely never existed and is a modern.